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Migrant Labor - South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

Since the mineral revolution of the late 19th century, "migrant labor" in South Africa referred not only to workers coming into South Africa from neighboring countries, but also to a system of controlling African workers within South Africa. Migrant labor provided abundant cheap African labor for white-owned mines and farms (and later factories ...

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History of Migrant Labor in South Africa (1800–2014 ...

May 01, 2017· A pervasive system of migrant labor played a fundamental part in shaping the past and present of South Africa's economy and society and has left indelible marks on the wider region. South Africa was long infamous for its entrenched system of racial discrimination. But it is also unique in the extent to which urbanization, industrialization, and rural transformation have been molded by ...

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910

Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world. Migrant labour is not a system unique to South Africa. Migrant labourers from countries in southern Europe contract to work in France, Germany, Sweden and Britain on a large scale.

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Historical background to South African migration Free ...

mines. The majority of them were migrant labourers, working on the mines for periods of three to six months (Van der Horst 1971: 77). Although migrant workers came from all over southern Africa, the Bapedi, Tsonga and Basotho were by far the majority on the diamond fields. Apparently the reason for this dominance was

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5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

It is a voluntary association of private sector mining finance houses, mining companies and mines. It has over 80 members drawn from South Africa's gold, coal, diamond, platinum, antinomy, asbestos, manganese, lead and copper mining sections. The members account for approximately 85% of the mineral output of South Africa.

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Foreign mineworkers return to South African mines after ...

Jul 09, 2020· Mines in South Africa, the world's biggest producer of platinum and chrome and a major gold and diamond producer, have been raising output after the virus restrictions, which caused some migrant ...

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Changes in Migrant Labour in Lesotho - South Africa

A good chunk of the wage earned by the miner is spent in South Africa rather than getting shipped back home, and some miners have second families on the mines, meaning even less money gets repatriated. For many homes of migrant workers, this is the only source of income they have.

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South Africa: Rebooting world's deepest mines sparks ...

Workers from neighbouring nations provide critical skills to SA's gold and platinum mines. For almost 150 years, South Africa's deep-level mines relied on cheap labor from neighbouring Lesotho, Eswatini, Mozambique and Botswana. They still account for about 10% of the industry's 450 000-strong wo

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Migrant Workers | Photos in Black and White: Margaret ...

Bourke-White made an effort to understand the dynamics of the migrant labor system that provided the manpower for the mines around Johannesburg. The impoverished land to which Africans were confined made labor in "white" areas of South Africa a necessity, whether on farms, in mines, or domestic work in white homes. Although many miners came…

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Mines and Works Act | South Africa [1911, 1926} | Britannica

Other articles where Mines and Works Act is discussed: Southern Africa: The impact of migrant labour: …in South Africa under the Mines and Works Act of 1911 and its amendment in 1926. At the same time, industrial conciliation legislation introduced after a 1922 strike excluded blacks from the wage-bargaining machinery. These examples were followed in the Rhodesias as well, although in the ...

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Labour Migration in Africa

Labour migration in Africa is largely intra-regional (80%) 1 and mainly characterized by the migration of low-skilled workers. Of great importance in the region is the consolidation of significant South-South migration corridors to neighbouring labour markets in the search for a job and better wages. Indeed, today, there are few African countries not participating in migration flows, whether ...

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South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid

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Witwatersrand Native Labour Association - Wikipedia

The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (WNLA), more popularly Wenela, was set up by the gold mines in South Africa as a recruiting agency for migrant workers.. Eventually, it comprised a large organisation with its own depots, buses and aeroplanes spread over the whole of Southern Africa:!South Africa, Basutoland, Swaziland, South West Africa, Bechuanaland, Northern Rhodesia, Southern ...

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Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa: 'We Have Nothing ...

Aug 23, 2017· As a migrant mine worker from Swaziland, Mduduzi Thabethe says he has fewer workplace rights than his South African co-workers. Although all mine workers pay the same amount into the health fund ...

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Migrant Labour in South Africa

The pull of the mines is inevitable for so many Basotho men. With low literacy levels, limited skills, even fewer job prospects on the domestic market and a depauperate agricultural sector (the country's cold, high altitude and mountainous terrain makes it prone to erosion, and only a quarter of the 30 000 square kilometres is suitable for agriculture), many men do not have much of an option.

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Lesotho: From Labor Reserve to Depopulating Periphery ...

Total employment in South African mining bottomed out in 2001 at 406,000, before recovering a little. Now that the mines prefer South African workers, who can more easily be "stabilized," migrants from Lesotho have been retrenched, so that by late 2010 the number of mineworkers from Lesotho was estimated to be fewer than 43,000.

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 ...

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago. Rob Turrell | Published in History Today Volume 36 Issue 5 May 1986. Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system. ...

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Rebooting World's Deepest Mines Sparks Mass Labor ...

Jun 11, 2020· South Africa's gold and platinum miners are racing to bring back thousands of skilled migrant workers who are crucial to ramping up output following the easing of the nation's coronavirus ...

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A history of mining in South Africa (ZA)

M M ining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa's first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867. It kickstarted what historians call the Mineral Revolution, which made few European opportunists wealthy beyond measure, and saw hundreds of thousands of men leaving their homes to become fulltime mineworkers.

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Mines, Migration and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

work in South African mines. For more than a century, 90 percent of those employed in the mining sector in the Republic of South Africa were black and about 60 percent were migrant workers from Lesotho and Swaziland (Lucas, 1985; Harington, McGlashan and Chelkowska, 2004). This

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Migrant mineworkers advocating for decent work ...

Jul 31, 2020· Mining outside Johannesburg, South Africa ©IOM Moises is a former Mozambican migrant mineworker who, once he had returned to Mozambique, decided to do something to change this decades-old system. After working for many years in mines in South Africa, he had also struggled to access pension funds that he had contributed to while working abroad.

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Foreign mineworkers back at work in South African mines ...

Jul 09, 2020· FILE PHOTO: Mine workers are seen under ground at Cullinan mine, near Pretoria, South Africa, February 1, 2019. REUTERS/Siphiwe Sibeko/File Photo Foreign mineworkers have begun returning to South African mines, though at a slower rate than hoped, as the industry rebuilds output after the easing of the coronavirus lockdown, the Minerals Council ...

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Solidarity Center - Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa ...

May 14, 2019· Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa: 'We Have Nothing' by Tula Connell | May 14, 2019. As a migrant mine worker from Swaziland, Mduduzi Thabethe says he has fewer workplace rights than his South African co-workers. Although all mine workers pay the same amount into the health fund, migrant workers get inferior care and pensions are rare.

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Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy Book Description: In tracing the development of the recruiting system, Alan Jeeves shows how a large proportion of the labour supply came to be controlled by private labour companies and recruiting agents, who aimed both to exploit the workers and to extract heavy fees from the employing companies.

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Migrant Labour in South Africa - Mandela Initiative

The meeting considered the histories and trends for migration for work within and into South Africa. It analysed how the crisis on South Africa's platinum belt that led to the massacre of 36 miners at Marikana in 2012 has revealed the current material, social and political concerns of workers in the mining …